India was a signatory to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) as far back as June 1992 and it acceded to the Kyoto Protocol on 26 August 2002 but it came out with its National Action Plan on Climate Change only in July 2008 ; and that too in such a great hurry, so as to be a hotchpotch of business as usual and lip service platitudes on renewable energy, sustainable development and a low-carbon pathway to growth.
However, in this dossier, the Centre for Education and Documentation shows how essential it is for a country of 1.21 billion inhabitants and rich of very diverse ecosystems, to give itself the means to face, as soon as possible, the short and long term impacts of climate change.
Among the elements of an efficient climate policy are :
- an approach that values climate justice and the role of local communities
- an energy policy that reduces the dependency on fossil fuels and encourages decentralized and renewable energies
- an agricultural policy which learns a lesson from the Green Revolution and encourages organic small farming
- a scientific research policy to better understand the phenomenon of climate change and to support the above objectives.
The issues at stake are even more numerous, they are thoroughly analysed in the 16 articles of this dossier.
This dossier is available in French : L’Inde et le changement climatique